The Type Table: Strengths and Weaknesses of Pokémon Scarlet and Violet
Being a good Pokémon trainer means knowing the type table inside out! In Pokémon Scarlet and VioletAll Pokémon have one to two different types which affect both their strengths and weaknesses in battle. These types are often even more important than the stats of your Pokémon. Let's take a look at the Type Table and everything there is to know about how the different types work.
What are the types in Pokémon?
A Pokémon's type represents its elemental affinity. It makes it more or less sensitive to opposing attacks. All Pokémon have at least one type. All attacks also have a type. If you choose the right type of attack against a Pokémon, you will cause massive damage. Conversely, choose the wrong type of attack and your damage will be low or non-existent.
In Pokémon Scarlet and Violet, there are 18 types in all:
Calculate the damage according to the Type
Against a Pokémon with only one type
Calculating damage by type is fairly straightforward at first glance. An attack of a strong type against the type of the targeted Pokémon will do doubled damage. An attack of a weak type against the type of the targeted Pokémon will damage halved. Some types make you immune to attacks and will therefore always do 0 damage. We'll look at the basics before going into much more detail about the involvement of types.
Example 1: Salamèche is a Fire-type Pokémon. It is weak to the Water type, so it takes twice as much damage as a normal Water attack. A Water-type attack like Claw-Mass, which normally does 100 damage, will actually deal 200 damage to Salameche.
Example 2: Let's say that Salamech suffers a Plant attack. His Fire type is resistant to Plant, so he receives half the damage from this attack. A Plant attack that does 100 points of damage will only do 50 points of damage to Salameche.
Example 3: Pikachu launches a Lightning attack on a Sol-type Taupikeur. The Sol type is insensitive to the Electrik type, so the Taupikeur will not suffer any damage, no matter what happens.
That's the basics. Easy, isn't it? Let's go further now.
Pokémon Scarlet and Violet Type Table
Now that you have the basics of the system, here is the Pokémon type table. Learn it well or come back to it regularly, you'll need it for the rest of your adventure in the Pokémon universe!
Against a Pokémon with two types
As mentioned in the introduction, Pokémon sometimes have two types. The damage they take is then modified according to both types at the same time. There are six possible scenarios:
- Both types of target are susceptible to attack: damage x4
- One type of the target is sensitive to the attack, the other is neither sensitive nor resistant: damage x2
- One type of the target is susceptible to the attack, but the other type is resistant: damage x1
- Both types of target are neither sensitive nor resistant to attack: damage x1
- One type of target is resistant to attack, the other is neither sensitive nor resistant: damage x0.5
- Both types of target are resistant to attack: damage x0.25
- One of the target types is immune to the attack type: damage x0
It would be far too long and complex to provide you with type tables of all the available type combinations. To find out how much damage you will do, you need to multiply the type bonus of your attack with the two types of the target.
A few examples to better understand :
Example 1: A Fighting attack on a Rock and Ice Pokémon gives :
[Damage x2 Weakness Rock x2 Weakness Ice] or |Damage x4]
Example 2: A Plant attack on a Psy and Water Pokémon gives :
[Damage x1 Insect x2 Weakness Water] or |Damage x2]
Example 3: A Fire attack on an Insect and Water Pokémon gives :
[Damage x2 Weakness Insect /2 Water resistance] or |Damage x1]
Example 4: A Fire attack on a Fire and Dark Pokémon gives :
[Damage /2 Fire resistance x1 Darkness] i.e. |Damage /2]
Example 5: A Water attack on a Water and Dragon Pokémon gives :
[Damage /2 Water resistance /2 Dragon Resistance] i.e., |Damage /4]
Example 6: An Electrik attack on a Ground and Water Pokémon gives :
[Damage x0 Ground immunity x2 Weakness Water] or |Damage x0]
As you can see, in order to choose the right type of attack against a Pokémon, you'll need to know its two types and calculate the effectiveness of your attacks based on them. This means knowing all 400 different Pokémon in Paldea, not to mention their alternate forms.
Knowing all of this, you'll need to put together heterogeneous teams with various attack types, but also Pokémon of various types. Ideally, you want to have more resistances than weaknesses, so try to find Pokémon with combinations of compatible types.
If you're unsure of a Pokémon's strengths and weaknesses, we recommend checking out our complete Pokémon Scarlet and Violet Pokédex. We've listed the damage for all Pokémon and all attack types.
Advanced Type Mechanics
It's getting a bit complicated, isn't it? Well, we're not done yet! There are still two important things to look at, the STAB and the Teracrystal Type, new to Pokémon Scarlet and Violet.
STAB in Pokémon
STAB is an abbreviation for Same Type Attack Bonus. In French, this is a bonus to your damage if a type of the attacker matches the type of the attack. If the two match, the attack has its damage increased by 50%. The attack is then said to be stabbed.
A Pikachu performing a Lightning Strike with a power of 40 will actually deal 60 points of damage (40 x150%).
This is a key consideration, as Pokémon with a dual type can more easily stab their attack. This is useful in battle to defeat opponents, but be careful not to use stabbed attacks on wild Pokémon if you don't want to knock them out by mistake.
The Teracrystal Type
Pokémon Scarlet and Violet introduce a new mechanic: Teracrystallisation. Once you obtain the Teracrystal Orb, you can reveal a Pokémon's Teracrystal type in battle. With it, you can do even more damage, or surprise your opponent by completely changing its type.
Indeed, the Teracrystal Type comes replace both types of your Pokémon. Usually, a Pokémon's Teracrystal type matches its first type, but this is not always the case. Pokémon obtained in Teracrystal Raids or Pokémon that glow in the wild often have an unusual Teracrystal type. These types are chosen randomly, much like nature.
To find out what type of Teracristal a Pokémon is, simply look at its profile.
Teracrystallisation boosts the STAB of your attacks. Once Teracrystallised, attacks of the type corresponding to your Teracrystal type will get an additional 50% damage bonus. If your Teracrystal type is the same as one of your two types, then attacks of that type will do 200% of damage. If your Teracrystal type is different from your base types, attacks of this type will do 150% of damage.
When Teracrystallization causes you to take on an atypical type for your Pokémon, you are unlikely to have the attacks of the corresponding types. But what you lose in attack, you can gain in defense, if you are skilled. A Water Pokémon with a Teracrystal type of G becomes immune to Electrik attacks, and thus loses one of its biggest weaknesses when it transforms.
This concludes our guide to types in Pokémon Scarlet and Violet. Of course, there are many other parameters that affect the damage of an attack, starting with the Pokémon's stats, the class of the attack (physical or special), and so on. But that would be getting away from the main topic. We'll talk about it in other guides!